How to Install a Cobblestone Patio on Concrete or Bare Soil

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 27, 2015
  • Sponsored by

    Step 1

    Prepare the Base
    In this lawn, there were 2 different bases listed below the cobbles. Part of it was existing concrete, and the other part had previously been pavers. On the concrete, the only prep work that needed to be done was a basic pressure wash. For the area beyond the concrete that formed an extension, base rock was brought in to form a solid structure (Image 1). The base rock was laid down so that it actually rose about an inch above the existing concrete, then a gas-powered compactor brought it down so it was just a little higher than the concrete (Image 2).

    If you are starting in a bare soil area, dig down to give yourself a couple inches of base and allow for half the height of the pavers to determine your last patio height.

    Step 2

    Include Sand
    Put sand over the whole area and utilize a rake to spread it out about an inch thick. This will certainly form a cushion for the cobblestones.

    How to Install a Cobblestone Patio on Concrete or Bare Soil
    How to Install a Cobblestone Patio on Concrete or Bare Soil

    Step 3

    Lay Cobblestone Pavers
    The various colors and styles of pavers consist of straight, round and fanned-out designs. For the straight type, start at one end and lay them on top of the sand in straight rows, working your method to the other end of the space. Making use of wire snips, get rid of the two smaller cobbles at the end of each mat of pavers so the mats fit together. At the end of the row, leave the smaller pavers on the mat to function as a straight edge.

    Step 4

    Condense the Pavers
    Do not make use of a compactor over pavers that have actually been laid on top of concrete. If you have laid them on top of base rock however, lightly spray the cobbles with water and go over them with a compactor. This will push them down into the base rock but not all the way.

    Step 5

    Mix the Grout
    For this job, we made use of a special type of epoxy that, when blended with sand, produces a grout that solidifies once it dries.

    Utilize a portable cement mixer to mix the grout. Pour in one bag of sand, the color of which will certainly be the last color of the grout. Then add one container each of the two-part epoxy. Lastly, fill each of the containers with water and add that to the mixer also. Pouring the water into the containers permits you to determine properly as well as to utilize any remaining epoxy.

    Let the grout mix for about three minutes, up until the consistency resembles pancake batter.

    Step 6

    Pour and Spread out the Grout
    Wet down a wheelbarrow (so the grout won’t adhere to it) and gather the grout. Make use of a foam squeegee with a broom handle to spread the grout, filling out all of the gaps in the cobbletone. It solidifies in about 10 minutes.

    When you have most of the grout spread into the gaps, go over the same location with another squeegee to clean the continuing to be grout from the top of the pavers. When you’ve finished the entire location, use a stiff-bristle push broom to clean up any remnants again. Let the brand-new cobblestone patio dry for five hours before strolling on it.

    How to Build Basement Storage Shelves

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 26, 2015
  • Knowing how to construct basement storage racks will conserve you cash and offer storage you never knew existed. Although basements are typically haphazardly filled with vacation decors, and devices, these items can all be neatly stacked on durable racks. Doing so produce a less messy, more arranged basement and does not cost much.

    Wood Shelving

    Basement storage racks been available in many sizes, varieties, and shapes, none which might work for a particular basement. The option, in such a case, is to construct your very own. Storage racks likewise are available in numerous materials, such as plastic, metal, and inexpensive wood. These structures may not be adjustable and will certainly cost more than constructing wooden shelves to match a particular function and place.

    Several sheets of.75-inch construction-grade plywood will be enough to provide shelving for a whole basement wall. You most likely won’t need more than 3 sheets. Shelves can be set up between existing 2×4-inch boards, however additional lumber will certainly be had to support them.

    How to Build Basement Storage Shelves
    How to Build Basement Storage Shelves

    Step 1 – Construct the Shelves

    Take your very first sheet of plywood and eliminate 3 racks, each being 12-inches deep. Develop cleats to attach to the studs and rest the racks on them. These cleats must be 12-inches large to support the rack. They need to be 6-inches tall where they are connected to the 2×4-inch boards, and 2-inches where they meet under the edge of the rack. The range in between conventional studs in a basement is around 16-inches, however you may have to make modifications if that is not the case.

    Procedure from the floor to the point where you want to install the first shelf. Mark the 2×4-inch board on each side. Apply woodworker’s glue to the stud and the mounting cleat. Hold the supporting cleat in place and screw in 3 8×2-inch screws to attach the cleat to the stud. Do so on all of the studs holding the very first shelf.

    Step 2-feet from the top of this shelf to the bottom of the next shelf and repeat the procedure for mounting the cleats and setting the shelf on top of them. Lastly, put the shelf on the cleats. Thoroughly mark lines where the stud fulfills the rack, and cut notches for the shelf to fit in between the studs. Connecting the shelves to the cleats is optional.

    Step 3 – Finishing the Shelves

    Although construction-grade plywood is suggested for this task, you can also use a top quality piece of plywood and complete it with either stain and varnish or repaint. Whatever alternative you pick, the plywood will certainly withstand stains and dirt if it is dealt with.

    Begin by sanding the edges and surfaces with 100-grit sandpaper. Finish sanding with 220-grit paper and wipe the wood with a fabric dipped in mineral spirits. Next off, use a stain or a half-and-half coat of varnish and mineral spirits. Let it dry extensively and re-sand your racks very lightly with 220-grit sandpaper. Wipe it once more, then apply a thin coat of 100 % varnish. Give the varnish to dry.

    How to Install Wooden Floating Wall Shelves

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 25, 2015
  • Drifting wall shelves attach to the wall by methods of hidden supports, instead of the more conventional brackets or hangers, and offer an attractive feature for any room which needs shelving. They look streamlined smooth and are simpler to put in tight corners than their conventional equivalents. Fitting these racks is easy once you understand the key to setting up the covert cleats.

    Step 1 – Check the Wall

    Find the area of the studs in the wall prior to you start making holes. Utilize a stud finder to find these; mark them plainly. The rack has to be supported by the studs, so work out the length of the rack and mark that in the offered spaces between the studs. You need to now have a clear idea of where you desire your floating wall shelves to be located.

    Step 2 – Make the Shelves

    Each rack is in fact a long, flat 5-sided box. Utilizing your saw, cut 2 pieces of plywood to the right length. These are the leading and bottom of the shelf. Cut another strip of plywood 1 inch large and the length of the shelves. This is the front of the shelf. Cut 2 strips 1 inch broad and 1/4-inch less than the depth of the rack. These are the sides. Sand them down thoroughly. Drill pilot holes so the wood doesn’t divided, then glue and screw the boxes together.

    How to Install Wooden Floating Wall Shelves
    How to Install Wooden Floating Wall Shelves

    Step 3 – Finish the Shelves

    You want to do this prior to you hang them so you can easily deal with them without having to prevent getting paint or stain on the wall. Sand the racks down and varnish them, or you may add a layer of paint to the wood before the varnish. You can repaint the whole system one color to match the design of the space, or you might repaint various racks different colors if you desire something more attractive.

    Step 4 – Build and Hang the Bracket

    The bracket connects to the wall and will certainly be the sixth side of the box. Cut a piece of 1×1 to the length of the open end of the rack. This is the ledger board that holds the shelf to the wall. Set the ledger against the wall where you marked the studs. Make use of a level making sure it is even. Drill pilot holes in the ledger and after that screw it through the wall and into the studs.

    Step 5 – Mount the Shelves

    Put some adhesive onto the back of the rack and around the ledger board. Push the rack onto the ledger board, concealing the ledger inside the box of the rack. Drill pilot holes through the shelf into the ledger board and after that screw it in location. Leave the glue to dry.

    Examine that the drifting wall shelves are firmly sealed before you put anything important upon them.

    This is one of the more simple tasks that you can take on yourself, but if you need to hire a handyman, and you’re in the Fort Myers area, then head on over to to find a reliable, and licensed craftsman.

    How to Install a Tile Shower Shelf

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 24, 2015
  • Although some people choose to hire a plumbing contractor to do all the work of a bathroom remodel, we always suggest using a tiling company to give you the most professional job and a more professional finish. Of course there are some who have the know-all and experience to do this themselves. So if you are one of those people, here are a few easy steps to follow to be able to install a tile shower shelf.

    Installing a shower tile rack is a fantastic way to add racks to the shower room without needing to purchase or develop brand-new bathroom shelves. These racks are not only functional and ornamental; they conserve a great deal of space too. The most convenient method to set up a shower tile shelf is to set up diagonally cut tiles in the corners. Corner tile shelves are a lot easier to install due to the fact that they do not need cutting a hole in the wall. Follow these steps to set up a shower tile rack.

    Step 1 – Preparation

    It is advised that 12-inch tiles be made use of for shelving. The shower tile shelf has to be strong and steady in order to hold any restroom stuff firmly without breaking. Thinner and smaller tiles might not provide the very best strength for the job, so ensure to utilize the advised size.

    Plan where to install the shower tile shelf prior to the tiling project. Figure out at what height it is to be set up. It can be installed after the very first row of tiles is set, or after 2 rows are set in place. Determine whether additional shelves are to be set up.

    Step 2 – Cutting the Tiles

    Create a design template for the tile rack from cardboard. The tile shelf can be cut diagonally to form a triangle or cut in a round manner to form a quarter-circle shape. Use the cardboard design template as a guide to cut the shelf using a tile cutter.

    To guarantee that the tiles and the rack are anchored to the wall securely, use thinset as an adhesive. Install the very first set of tiles first at the bottom of the wall horizontally and add another row if required. To anchor the shelf to the wall, add an adequate amount of thinset on the edges of the rack using a trowel. Thoroughly place the shelf in the preferred corner. Guarantee that the rear edges make complete contact with the walls. Somewhat slope the shelf to the ground in order to prevent water from occupying the surface area after installation.

    Make use of a finger to smooth the thinset that oozes out of the sides of the rack. Then use a damp sponge to clean the surface of the shelf prior to installing the next set of tiles.

    Step 4 – Finishing Touches

    Set up the next set of tiles above the rack to sandwich the shelf in place. Add more shelves to the leading corners if desired in the same manner. Grout around the shelves and permit the mortar to dry.

    Of course, if you find these instructions to difficult to follow, and would prefer to hire a professional plumber in Fort Myers to do this, then this could potentially be the best option for you!


    How to Tile a Corner Shower Unit

  • Peter Selby
  • Tagged , ,
  • July 23, 2015
  • Tiling a corner shower device is a difficult task since of the area restrictions. Because corner showers are meant to save space, tiling them requires the do it yourself to handle a little working area inside the shower. Before setting the tiles, it ought to be kept in mind that the corner shower system needs to be set up with a shower pan and liner along with backer boards. Without the backer boards, the tiles will certainly not have a foundation where to be set. Right here are directions on how to tile a corner shower unit.

    Step 1 – Planning

    Plan the tiling initially. The wall can be set up with larger tiles in order to make the tiling procedure a lot quicker. For the floor, never make use of large tiles due to the fact that it will impact the slope. Use smaller sized tiles instead. Doing this will certainly permit the water to slope toward the drain. When tiling the corner shower device, constantly start with the floor before continuing to the walls.

    Step 2 – Setting the Mortar Bed

    Mix the mortar with water to the correct consistency. Always follow procedures on the item description for guidance. Prior to applying the mortar bed, check if the drain is well-covered. Apply the mortar and allow it to slope slightly towards the drain. Give the mortar to dry for 24 hours.

    How to Tile a Corner Shower Unit
    How to Tile a Corner Shower Unit

    Step 3 – Tiling the Floor

    Figure out the number of tiles needed for the floor tiling and cut the tiles if needed. Prepare thinset mortar by following the maker’s guidelines. Purchase pre-mixed thinset in order to make the procedure simpler. Apply the thinset accordingly on the floor and install the tiles piece by piece. Await the thinset to cure. Clean the extra grout with moist sponge and wait for the grout to treat prior to continuing with the walls.

    Step 4 – Tiling the Walls

    Start by marking the bottom row with a pencil. Mix an enough quantity of thinset mortar just enough for the bottom row tiles. Utilize the trowel to use the thinset at the bottom and lay each tile accordingly. To offer constant spacing between the tiles, location spacers in between them. Wait for the bottom row of tiles to set for about 6 hours or so prior to setting up the succeeding rows.

    Continue with the being successful tiles by following the fundamental treatment of applying thinset and laying the tiles. Use spacers on all sides of the tiles to come up with consistent spacing. For the top row, cut the tiles accordingly. Permit the thinset to cure for about 48 hours prior to grouting. Wait for the grout to cure, and you now have a tiled corner shower system.

    How to Install Ceramic Tile

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 22, 2015
  • A ceramic floor is one of the most resilient, appealing and low-maintenance floors available. Although it might be a lengthy, grueling task, the completed project will certainly be worth it. Below is a standard outline of the installation steps.


    Get rid of the old flooring and baseboard molding and take a look at the sub floor. The sub floor must be at least 1 1/8″ thick and have no versatility. It is best to install cement board on top of the plywood sub floor to guarantee its stability.
    Step the square video footage of the room be multiplying one side of the room by the other. For instance: a 12 by 12 space is 144 square feet. Then include 10 % to that number making up for tile breakage. The final number is the amount of tile had to finish the task. In this circumstances the last number will certainly be 158.4 square feet.

    Discover a Starting Point

    Start tiling in the middle of the space so that any little, cut pieces wind up on the edges of the room. To discover the middle of the space snap a chalk line from the center of opposite walls. The lines should cross in the middle of the room, marking your starting point.

    Laying the tile

    Lay out a line of tile along each of the chalk lines before using mortar. Get a concept of the pattern prior to committing.

    After choosing a design, mix the mortar per the manufacturers instructions. Using a notched trowel, spread out a thin coat of mortar in a 2×2 foot section. Place the tiles thoroughly on the mortar and use tile spacers to keep the distance between each tile accurate. You need to use a notched trowel for two factors: 1. the ridges that it produces in the mortar suction the tile to the floor and 2. the air area in between the ridges help the mortar dry. To guarantee that the tiles are level use a rubber mallet and tap the tile into location. Use a level to double check your work.

     How to Install Ceramic Tile
    How to Install Ceramic Tile

    Cutting Tile

    The most accurate method to cut tile is with a damp saw. A damp saw works like a table saw, however has a supply of water working on the blade to keep it cool. A tile cutter is also an option, but there is a propensity to using them and it will take some practice to get an ideal cut.


    Let the tile and mortar dry for at least 24 Hr prior to grouting. Mix grout according to the producer’s directions. Press the grout into every crevice at a 45 degree angle utilizing a grout float. Wipe off any excess with a tile sponge. Rinse the sponge frequently. Work in small areas. Try not to obtain excessive on the tile, considering that it is virtually difficult to get it off as soon as dried. There will be a haze left on the tile, however that can be washed off when the grout is cured.

    Dry and Seal

    It may sound amusing, but grout requires some wetness to dry correctly. To cure it correctly wash the floor with a sponge mop once a day for 3 days. Use the sealer after the third day to the grout only.

    Completing Touches

    Put the base board back on and you’re done! Now stand back and appreciate your work!

    How to Build a Basement Sauna

  • Peter Selby
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  • July 21, 2015
  • Article sponsored by your local Fort Myers Plumber

    A basement sauna is a relaxing and healthy way to invest a couple of minutes of free time with guests or family members within the walls of your own house. What’s more, you can develop your very own basement sauna and save a package. All you will require are a couple of fundamental tools, materials, the persistence to see the task through, and a set of valuable directions. Here’s how to do it.

    Step 1 – Planning Your Sauna

    Your sauna will certainly require walls, so strategy to build it in a corner where you already have 2 walls. Doing this will certainly conserve you both time and product. To cut expense for heating and product, as well as to conserve time and work, plan to develop a small sauna.

    Step 2 – Framing Your Sauna Wall

    Frame all of your walls and include a 4-inch area in between your sauna wall and the exterior concrete wall. In addition, when you hang your sauna door, build the door frame with a 4-inch area between the door’s bottom edge and the basement floor.

     How to Build a Basement Sauna
    How to Build a Basement Sauna

    Step 3 – Installing Your Heater Power Lines

    Choose beforehand the size of the heater you’ll be setting up. If you have a smaller sauna, you might get by with one that runs with 120-volts. To heat a huge area, you may require a 240-volt heater.

    Now is the time to run the power line to the heater. You can conserve cash by doing it yourself. If you choose employing an electrical expert to run it, make sure to let him understand exactly what voltage you ‘d such as to prepare for.

    Step 4 – Installing Your Sauna Walls

    Install.5-inch plywood on the ceiling, floor, and exterior/interior walls of your sauna. Stain or repaint the plywood.

    Step 5 – Install Cedar Wood on Your Interior Walls

    Connect your cedar boards over the plywood. Use your router or bench saw to produce tongue-and-groove edges on these boards. Doing this enables you making tighter fits that will much better keep heat in your sauna. To attach the cedar boards, utilize screws that are zinc-plated.

    Step 6 – Installing Your Heater

    Put your heater either near a corner of the sauna or in the middle of the floor. Make sure that it is developed for use in a sauna and that it can produce temperature levels of 185 ° F.